Review of Defining Inerrancy

Defining Inerrancy: Affirming a Defensible Faith for a New Generation, by J. P. Holding and Nick Peters, published by Tekton E-Bricks on 22 May 2014, is intended to be a response to Norm Geisler and Bill Roach’s Defending Inerrancy—and so much more. Both have a similar cover and similar title. Defining Inerrancy, however, is a gloves-off defense and affirmation of a version of inerrancy that many are not acquainted with. That is, many except those who are Old and New Testament scholars.

Defining inerrancyDefending Inerrancy

Defining Inerrancy also interacts heavily with Norm Geisler and David Farnell’s The Jesus Quest, a book published just last March. The info on Amazon says that the eBook is the equivalent of 98 pages long, based on the number of “page turns” on a Kindle. A preliminary Word draft of Defining Inerrancy, sent to me by the authors, weighs in at just 74 pages. It’s a one-evening read, but it will be an evening very well spent.


Even though only an eBook so far, this little volume addresses some of the most pressing issues within American evangelical circles that have been brewing for more than four decades. And it comes with a Foreword by world-renown Gospels scholar, Craig Blomberg, giving the book instant credibility.

The booklet has fifteen short chapters and no footnotes or endnotes (but some, though not entirely adequate, in-text notes).

Blomberg’s Foreword, in the opening paragraph, lets the readers know that Norm Geisler has recently been attacking his evangelical orthodoxy. As one reads through this book, they will discover that it is in many ways a response to Geisler’s campaign to rid the church of what he perceives to be bibliological heretics. Inter alia, Blomberg gives a laundry list of evangelical scholars who have been the victims of Geisler’s acidic pen: Robert Gundry, Murray Harris, Clark Pinnock, John Sanders, Darrell Bock, Michael Licona, Craig Blomberg—and even the entire Evangelical Theological Society (a group which, according to Blomberg, Geisler referred to as ‘liberal’ and the “Former Evangelical Theological Society”)! And Blomberg does not mince words. Penultimately, Blomberg commends this book as follows: “…if Geisler has already misled you on any of these topics, read these chapters carefully so that the record may be set straight.”

Indeed, that is an apt summary of the book. The authors set the record straight on Geisler’s increasingly marginalized approach to inerrancy. Many would regard Geisler as the spiritual heir of Harold Lindsell, a man whose books The Battle for the Bible and The Bible in the Balance bitterly divided evangelicals nearly four decades ago. But I digress.

The major issue that Holding and Peters put forth is that within the inerrantist camp are ‘traditionalists’ and ‘contextualizers.’ Traditionalists claim that the Bible should be read essentially literally and that unless there are clear in-text clues that something is to be taken otherwise, the reader is to regard the text as literally true. Contextualizers see things differently. They would argue that genre, comparative literature, and other extra-textual features are often important keys to understanding the meaning of the text. The book focuses on the Gospels and narrative. Here, it is claimed, traditionalists view the narrative in the Gospels as historical, while contextualizers view it as imbibing, at times, in more than one genre. And even then, this does not necessarily mean that such is not historical. Even though many traditionalists would claim that, for example, dominical sayings are always exact quotations of the Lord (known as ipsissima verba), contextualizers claim that this is not only not in keeping with ancient historiographical reporting but also involves exegetical gymnastics that defy logic.

The authors put forth their thesis rather boldly:

“inerrancy requires a contextualization of the Bible as both the superlative literature that it is and as a document; and that the ‘as it stands’ readings frequently (not always) decontextualize the Bible, reading it as a text out of time, and therefore without respect to critical defining contexts during the time of its writing.”


“… the perception of ‘inerrancy’ offered by the old guard is dangerous, misleading, and obscurantist in that it will result in a view of the Bible that is not defensible or respectable, leading us down a path of endless epicycles of explanation, artificialities, and illogic. The end result will be to bring down scorn on the Christian faith and contributing [sic] to its demise in the Western world.”

This should be enough to pique the interest of any reader! As astounding as their statements are, I think they are spot on. But one will have to read the book to see whether they make out their case.

I will simply note two refrains that the authors make. First, though the Bible may be inerrant, our interpretation of it is not. This would seem to be obvious, yet repeatedly they show that Geisler sets himself up as the arbiter of truth—including true, inerrant interpretations. And this is one of the great divides among evangelicals today. Ironically, though there are many near-consensus interpretations of a number of passages among evangelicals, to hold up a particular interpretation as the true interpretation is to place tradition above the text. And this cuts directly into sola scriptura—the sufficiency of scripture as our final authority. Geisler and other traditionalists tend to claim that any view that does not see the Gospel narratives as utterly historical is not compatible with inerrancy. Yet—again ironically—many traditionalists claim that the Church has from its beginning embraced inerrancy. But if so, it is certainly not the same inerrancy that is embraced by traditionalists.

A case in point (not mentioned in the book): several church fathers, whose bibliological credentials on the New Testament at least were unimpeachable, claim that Jesus’ healing of the blind man in Mark 8.22–26 was not historical. This is one of two miracles of Jesus recorded in Mark that are not found in either Matthew or Luke. Both of them involved Jesus using spittle (the other is the healing of the deaf-mute in Mark 7). Jerome says that the story is “not historical, but symbolic.” And Ambrose, the bishop of Milan in the fourth century, saw the spittle as a symbol for the washing away of sins in baptism.

Nevertheless, these hoary authorities of old were probably wrong. It is instructive that through the route of historical criticism these two pericopes have become seen as among the most likely historical events in the Gospels—and for the same reasons that Matthew and Luke probably excluded them and the church fathers spiritualized them. Why was that? Embarrassment. Most Gospels scholars today, both evangelical and liberal and everything in between, regard a saying or act preserved in the Gospels that would be potentially embarrassing to the church, as having the marks of authenticity for this very reason, for no evangelist would create such out of whole cloth.

Second, the authors make the case that elevating inerrancy to the level of, say, the resurrection of Jesus, puts one’s whole belief system in jeopardy. Toward the end of the book, they make this case as follows:

“Blomberg also offers us, Geisler says, the hideous (!) statement that if there were a few genuine contradictions in the Bible, the rest of the text would not be jeopardized and the entire case for belief would not be called into question. Yes, this is one of those dangerous views of Scripture that says that if the Bible is not inerrant, then Jesus did not rise. How far would it go? Would we say Jesus did not even exist if we find there are mistakes in the Bible? Actually, there are some professed former Christians who hold to this position, and their questioning of the Bible started with them having been in a position like Geisler’s as confessing Christians.”

This view—making inerrancy as important as the resurrection of Christ—is part of a mindset that does not differentiate among doctrines. I call it the domino view of doctrine. When one falls down, they all fall down. I have taught for years that it is one of the main reasons why some conservatives become “liberal.” I put “liberal” in quotes because often such people are not really liberal; they are still fundamentalists, just on the left side of the theological aisle. They still see things in black and white, but now are skeptical about the supernatural and anything that smacks of biblical authority. Darrell Bock speaks of such a mentality as “brittle fundamentalism.” And he sees it as shattering when it comes in contact with the sophisticated polemics of the left.

In Defining Inerrancy, the authors note that they have known many evangelicals who have abandoned the faith precisely because they started out with such a hardening of the categories. This rings true: I get countless emails from people who have either jettisoned their beliefs (or have friends or family members who have) because their starting presupposition was that it’s inerrancy or nothing. Such people would throw the proverbial baby out with the bathwater! And it is this very problem that one of the architects of modern evangelicalism, Carl Henry (who could hardly be condemned as being soft on inerrancy!), addressed in his book, Evangelicals in Search of Identity. It seems that many evangelicals are still not listening. And yet Henry saw, forty years ago, that the evangelical church was making inerrancy the litmus test of orthodoxy to its discredit. Yet again, I digress. Holding and Peters are not in the least denying inerrancy; they are simply rejecting a rigid form of it that they see as dangerous to the health of the evangelical church.

In sum, Defining Inerrancy is a book far more important than its size would indicate. It defines not only inerrancy but a yawning divide within evangelicalism. My hope is that traditionalists will not dismiss it out of hand (as they have so many treatments coming from contextualizing inerrantists), but will indeed wrestle seriously with its contents. Sadly, I’m not holding my breath.


116 thoughts on “Review of Defining Inerrancy

  1. vincent

    Thanks Dr. Wallace for your review of this book. Wasn’t sure if I should purchase this volume. Thanks again, I’m gonna read it carefully. God bless you and yours!


  2. Thanks. A great review. After becoming aware of Dr. Blomberg’s position at Credo House, I am glad this position is coming more to the forefront. Our core beliefs should stand on the truth itself. And if the truth requires just a little more effort to understand than a rubber stamp then we need to get in there and ferret it out. People, take a deep breath and dig in. This book is a good way to get started.


  3. Genti Rexho

    seeing that the book has the foreword by Craig Blomberg it tells a lot what this book is as such: it’s no worth buying it!


    1. Genti, this is the attitude that I spoke against in my blog. Note my last two sentences: “My hope is that traditionalists will not dismiss it out of hand (as they have so many treatments coming from contextualizing inerrantists), but will indeed wrestle seriously with its contents. Sadly, I’m not holding my breath.” Very sad indeed.


      1. Tim Reichmuth

        Dr. W.,
        I can assure you that not all ‘traditionalists’ dismiss this book or others that challenge our current belief. I consider myself among this group but I continue to believe that viewpoints offered by others, especially those who have done so much for the cause of Christ, must not only be read and engaged to protect what I believe but to actually sharpen it and yes, too often transform it to the biblical view. Your works have often been challenging to my views but most of the time they have been biblical and corrective. Honest and open debate in the unity of our joint beliefs makes us all more Christ-like which I pray is always the goal.

        In Him Whose Grace is Sufficient,



  4. What I’m most curious about is whether or not the authors include both the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy and the Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics as part of the traditional view. Or did they suggest that the contextualizing view is still somehow compatible with them despite what Dr. Geisler, Dr. Sproul, Dr. Packer, and Dr. Kaiser have said in the last couple years about one of the more well known attempts to interpret a biblical record as less than historical? Seems to me that the CSBI and the CSBH were the first real attempts to define inerrancy (and a hermeneutic that wouldn’t undermine inerrancy). Like it or not, the framers and signers of the CSBI and CSBH set the standard. It’s pretty much the only standard there is for now. It also seems to me that the nontraditionalists are caught in the uncomfortable position of needing to redefine inerrancy in a way that is not consistent with the ICBI statements but they’re not willing to admit that their hermeneutical methodology is at odds with some of the affirmations and denials in the CSBI and CSBH. When will someone have the courage to say that the problem is with some parts of the CSBI and CSBH and then proceed to attempt to offer improvements/amendments to that standard? Or offer an alternative standard? Precisely which statements of affirmation or denial do they disagree with and what would they like to change them to say? If Holding and Peters were brave enough to do that, I’d at least respect their courage.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Chris.I cannot speak on behalf of JPH, but for myself, I think it’s time that we redid ICBI for a new generation. We have more information on how the Bible was written and its culture now. (See for instance Walton and Sandy’s “The Lost World of Scripture”) Also, even if ICBI was fine as it was, I think it has been hijacked by Geisler and therefore its reputation has been lowered. It will be connected with his viewpoint now. (Also, I personally think that the deck might have been stacked in favor of a more dispensational approach, but again, that’s just me.)

      It’s my hope that we could get together a new team consisting entirely of scholars in the field who will affirm what evangelicals believe about Scripture for a new generation. Will this have to be done again eventually? Absolutely. Such is the nature of continued research.


      1. Nick, I appreciate you taking the time to answer my curiosity and I appreciate your transparency. It seems to me that it might be better to focus on ICBI/CSBH/CSBI than just Dr. Geisler here because RCSproul, JIPacker, and Walter Kaiser all clearly backed him up on one major point of controversy over the interpretation of ICBI statements. While that’s of course not blanket endorsement that covers every point, it’s still seems like plenty of 16-penny nails in the coffin lid of the theory that Geisler wasn’t interpreting that one point in accord with the original meaning intended by the original authors. While I personally think CSBH and CSBI are very impressive and very helpful documents (notice I didn’t say inerrant, inspired, or impossible to improve), I do think it could be helpful for clarity’s sake to have an alternative statement from the progressive inerrantists. Causing division may be unhealthy but clarifying existing division is good, I think. And now that there’s a Five Views of Inerrancy book out I’m wondering if the word inerrancy has begun to become so laden with different connotative meanings that it has become almost meaningless–well, confusing anyway. Getting a unified statement/rewrite/revision together could be a big challenge for any group of scholars though. Does it seem like there should be a total rewrite in a back to the drawing board sort of sense? Or is it really just two or three points from CSBI/CSBH that tend to impede the progress of the progressives and should be recommended for reconsideration? If you addressed that already in your book, or if it’s in the Walton and Sandy book, I apologize for my ignorance.


      2. Nick, just one quick comment: I don’t think that the Chicago Statement leans toward dispensationalism at all. There were, to be sure, some dispensationalists who signed the document, but they were in the minority. There are also places in the statement that no dispensationalist would have written.


      3. I wouldn’t mind discussing that sometime. I do know Geisler is heavily involved in his dispensationalist interpretation which does often lean towards a more “literal” interpretation of the Bible and I have discussed this with others, but I wouldn’t mind having a discussion with you sometime on where you think a statement is in there that no dispensationalist would write. That would be interesting.


  5. Thanks for this informative post, which gives me a helpful perspective on some of the issues that are being debated among (conservative) evangelicals.


  6. I do think Geisler has been a little harsh on some people, like Kevin Vanhoozer in the above mentioned book. But I feel like the contextualizing argument tends more toward liberal theology than fundamentalism does. Contextualizing is a safe upper category ivory tower that Bible scholars can retreat to when their feeling the heat from the sciences. At least, that’s what I think Francis Schaeffer would say if he was writing “The Great Evangelical Disaster” today – which is great book on inerrancy.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Mike.

      Actually, as one of the co-authors, I can say we both come from great distances on that question. J.P. Holding is a young-earth creationist, but he chooses to not debate or discuss that issue. I am an old-earth creationist who would have no problem with macroevolutionary theory seeing as my view of Genesis 1 is that of John Walton. (See the Lost World of Genesis One.) I could even grant an eternal universe or a multiverse as my theistic arguments (The Thomistic ones) do not rely on the universe having a beginning. I feel no heat from science. I just have this strange idea that true science will line up with a true interpretation of Scripture and where we see a conflict, either the facts are not all in on one side, or we are misinterpreting the evidence on one side. If something is bad science however, it should be refuted with good science. If something is bad theology or hermeneutics, it should be refuted with its good counterpart.

      No fear of science here.


  7. YES! I have been telling people the difference between “Traditionalism” (relying on what others have said) and “Conservatism” (closer to the 1978 Chicago style Inerrancy).

    I even told a lady, when she told me I must have grown up at more “Liberal” churches because I remember going to a square dance at church, “no, I’m sorry, you are incorrect… you may have gone to more restrictive churches, but that church held to verbal plenary inspiration and didn’t add rules to the Bible like yours did… so, my church was more Conservative.”

    Same kind of thing. The white hot center of the “Conservative” Christian should be the Word of God… yet one can be a Christian even if other than “Conservative”

    Anyhow, it is for reasons like these I posted the Chicago statement on our church web-site and every time “inerrant” is used there is a link to it.

    I’m so tired of people saying “you can’t believe in ‘millions of years’ and believe in inerrancy” I simply say “Warfield did…” and they say “who” and I just shake my head and die a little inside.


  8. Thanks for the review, Dr. Wallace!

    You can add me to the list of former Evangelicals whose disillusionment with inerrancy, as it had been taught to me, led quickly to a loss of faith. It was very soon after reading the Chicago Statement, for the first time, that I realized I could not reconcile that view of the Bible with reality. After that, it did not take long before I lost my faith, entirely.

    Your review has definitely piqued my interest on this book, though, and I’ve added it to my ever-growing reading queue. Thanks again!


      1. Hahaha, thanks Nick!

        Actually, to be perfectly honest, I try to consider it all the time. If you’re interested, I actually talk about my journey and my reasons for leaving the faith in my own blog post, today.


      2. Sure. I also believe you recently showed up on my own blog when I wrote about internet debates.

        I think the main mistake people make with leaving the fold is making the Bible the basis instead of Christ as the basis.


      3. Knowing that I may be misreading you, I ask, is this not a sort of false dichotomy? Is not Jesus’ identity as Logos a defining attribute concerning the nature of God’s speech pointing both to His perfections and those of Scripture, such that Scripture may err as often as Christ does?


      4. No. An error could be in Scripture for any number of reasons, though I don’t think there are any. That does not mean that Christ errored. I determine that Christ is who He said He was and that He rose again by using the data that even the critics will accept, such as the authentic Pauline epistles. However, with my apologetic for the resurrection, I also use a look at the social climate of the time as an honor-shame culture.

        I also prefer to call Scripture, Scripture. The ultimate Word of God is Jesus. This does not change my view of Scripture. It just means I give it a different name, the name I think the NT gives it.


    1. You can add me to the other list–the list of guys who ICBI-style inerrancy helped protect my faith. My first semester of Bible college back in 1992 was dominated by George Eldon Ladd influences (his already-but-not-yet synthesis was all the rage back then) and that helped erode my inherited assumptions about the inerrancy of the Bible. I dropped out of Bible school after one semester, signed up for philosophy courses at a state school for the next semester to try to help me get rid of God (didn’t work), and then ended up hitch-hiking to Alaska to find work and try to find answers to my deep-souled questions another way. A read of Who Moved the Stone convinced me that the gospel accounts must be eye-witness testimony rather than myth. All the complexities of the political milieu there between the Sanhedrin, Pilate, and Herod, for example, is just so messy–like we’d expect real life to be in first century Jerusalem and Caesarea. If you’re writing myth, you don’t bog down the story with confusing stuff like that–unless it was really true. Later JI Packer and Norm Geisler both gave me a sense of what Jesus’ own view of the scriptures was. Indirectly Jesus taught more on the authority of the Scriptures than any other subject. And He also considered it to be without error. The ICBI statements were great for clarifying for me what inerrancy was and wasn’t. And of course Packer and Geisler played big roles in framing the ICBI statements. Faith doesn’t come easy to me and partial inerrancy just isn’t something I’m interested in. It’s an all or nothing proposition for me. If there is any error in the Scriptures (old or new) then I’m not interested in investing any of my faith in it. I tend to see the trustworthiness of the Bible not as a thick rope of many fibers which is not hurt if a few fibers are decayed but as a chain of many links that is only as strong as its weakest link. Admittedly it can get tricky when it comes to interpreting the Bible. But the CSBI and CSBH statements were both very helpful there too. It helped me to see that old-earth versus young-earth interpretation wasn’t something the ICBI signers were hung up on, for example. That was a big deal for me at the time. By 1996 my faith was rebuilt and I enrolled in a different Bible school that was very much in line with ICBI.


      1. Clarke Morledge


        My journey could not be any more different than yours. I grew up in a liberal mainline Protestant world that knew nothing of “inerrancy.” And yet it was this constant talk of inerrancy back in the 1980s among a number of my evangelical friends as a young believer in college that almost shipwrecked my faith. It was a like an all-or-nothing proposition. Lindsell made it sound like unless you accepted the claim that Peter denied Jesus six times, NOT three times, as all of the Gospels say, then you are pretty much left with a dead Jesus. Elevating inerrancy to that level just made Christianity sound unintelligible.

        It was reading folks like G. E. Ladd that helped me to see that I could have a profound confidence in the truthfulness of the Scriptures without jettisoning my brain in the process. Ironically, reading Packer and Geisler (in general) along the way actually strengthened that confidence, too. I never really saw any of this as opposed with one another respecting inerrancy. D. Wallace’s point about making a distinction between inerrancy and interpretation is absolutely critical. It only becomes a problem when well-meaning folks conflate inerrancy with their own interpretation, and then start shooting arrows at folks who hold to inerrancy in less traditional ways.

        If traditionalists think that they can reverse the damage done by the Bart Ehrmans who fall down their slippery slope by trying to discredit “contextual” evangelicals who are giving solid answers to folks like Ehrman, then I think they are sadly mistaken. Their concept of “error” is so laden with unwarranted assumptions, that it really becomes indefensible. That is why Nick’s book is so important. Yes, we do need to defend the inerrancy of Scripture, but we must take care to properly define what we mean by that.

        I mean, why would you assume that different possible interpretations of the Scriptures within an inerrantist framework necessarily deny the Chicago statement? You already concede that the old earth/ young earth question is not at stake here. Is this the only exception? But why make an exception for that? Why not jettison this goofy heliocentrism stuff and go back to good ole’ geocentrism and further protect literalism?

        The bottom line for me: Peter could have denied Jesus three times, or it could have been six. This is a good question, sure. But it just simply is not at the same level as the empty tomb, brother!! He is still risen, is He not??

        Your faith is simply an “all or nothing proposition” for you? I will pray for you that you carefully rethink that. I would hope that your faith is more resilient than what you are stating. You are playing with some dangerous spiritual fire.


  9. Reblogged this on beliefspeak2 and commented:
    Many folks take a harder stance than necessary when it relates to truth in the Bible only to be disappointed later when their house collapses since they built upon a faulty foundation. Certainly inerrancy should not be viewed mechanistically: a sort of wooden and inflexible use of words.
    Without having read Holding and Peters book, I view myself in between the two camps and would want to look at each instance on a case by case basis. However, Norman Geisler’s censorious antics toward some scholars is deplorable. Dan Wallace gives good insights along with his review of Holdings and Peters book.


  10. There would be many who accuse those who condemn the rigid traditionalist view on inerrancy implying that they/we are actually denying the Chicago statements of inerrancy and hermeneutics. I don’t think I would deny anything said in the Chicago statements. This accusations of traditionalists would be parallel to the accusations of reformists and calvinists that non-calvins (Molinists, Arminians) cannot accept the creeds like Westminster on predestination. Or that we don’t even believe in predestination just because we don’t have a calvinist view of predestination. This is true, isn’t it Dr. Dan ?


  11. Just bought it, and looking forward to reading it. I attend a seminary wherein the doctrine of inspiration is pretty low, and I tend to be the only student holding to plenary inspiration. I am sensitive, however, to the nuance of how each word was chosen, at what time in history, and in what ways truth is communicated in less-than-literalistic manner. Thanks, Dr. Wallace.


  12. asphaleia

    Could you give me the references for the Ambrose and Jerome examples? I’m not really from Missouri, but I’ve got this “show me” thing. LOL. I’m sure you realize that to say the “the spittle [is] a symbol for the washing away of sins in baptism” is not equal to calling it ahistorical.

    Liked by 1 person

  13. Tim Reichmuth


    I have not read the book yet, but look forward to doing so. However, your answer to Justin above side steps the issue he raised. Of course errors could have crept into the Bible for a number of reasons. His question particularly addressed the idea that has become popular among some Evangelicals that there is a dichotomy between who Jesus is and the Spirit inspired Word. I often hear this from friends who have attended more liberal seminaries. The concept of holding Jesus as in conflict with scripture, which is what it calls itself because it is Spirit breathed, is in my opinion a false dichotomy. I am indebted to many of my brothers in Christ who hold this view for great growth in other areas of belief, I am just convinced that on this issue they have created a dichotomy that scripture does not.



    1. If you mean I think the message of Jesus and the message of Scripture is distinct, then no. All of Scripture is about Jesus. Christ is the central message and the way we know Jesus best is through Scripture.


  14. Reblogged this on Overheard and commented:
    Take a deep breath and “dig in” – the work will be very worth it to those who care deeply about these matters. To others, it is a fascinating look into the deep and intense scholarship in evangelical circles. today.


  15. asphaleia

    Presumably the Jerome example comes from Homily 79. There he does take a decidedly allegorical approach, and in fact references that he is doing so on at least two occasions. I think you will see that while he insists that the lesson to be learned is via this allegory, what he does NOT appear to say, as far as I can tell, is that the events of the text did not actually occur in history. He is saying that the allegorical interpretation is in addition to the literal, not that the literal is untrue.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Tim Reichmuth

      After reading your post referenced above I am less clear on what those of you who do not agree with CSBI do believe about the historical accuracy of scripture! It seems to me, which I admit is not worth that much, rather than pointing out random examples of where you believe ‘errors’ exist, why not say exactly what you do affirm about the accuracy of scripture. For me, the reliance on either side on what others have said is problematic. Do you believe that there actual errors in scripture that were penned by the inspired authors? Regardless of Geisler, this seems to be a simple answer which clarifies the distinction going forward.



  16. Tim Reichmuth

    Thanks for your quick reply, it helps me!
    However, even as a ‘traditionalist’, I never believed that a position I hold is not open for correction, so for what it is worth, carry on my brother!



    1. Tim Reichmuth

      Thanks for the history lesson. Even though I was aware of this information seeing it laid out in a clear, concise fashion does give perspective. For example, my question above and Michael ‘s answer seem less satisfactory if the way he and I define ‘errors’ is different in substance. I will have to read this e-book to get a clearer picture. One point you made in your post, or at least I took away, seems that unless we have agreement on what terms mean, particularly in a historical sense, even when we think there is grounds for agreement, it might not be so! In any case, thanks for the clarity.



  17. James Stakelum

    There is that idea out there that “If one inaccuracy is present in the Bible, then a perfect God could not be its author, and absolutely none of its claims can be trusted.”

    That sort of intuitively makes sense.

    But, I am not certain if the mental picture of God putting the words into the mind of the biblical writers is always correct in all instances.

    It seems sometimes the bible makes the claim of specific words being provided by God …

    … but in other cases not.

    For example:

    The Hebrew historical books such as Kings mention several source documents, such as Book of Jasher, Book of Iddo the Seer, Book of Nathan the Prophet, Book of Jehu, Book of Samuel the Seer, book of the acts of Solomon, Book of the Wars of the Lord.

    As the writer tells us other documents verify and provide additional details pertaining to the facts he is presenting, that would seem to disprove the idea of God always putting the specific words into the mind of the writer.

    I presume that if God were always providing the specific words, there would always be perfect recall of events, and yet sometimes a biblical writer does not have perfect recall. Example: Paul says “Yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas; beyond that, I don’t remember if I baptized anyone else.” I Cor. 1:16.

    I presume that if God were always providing the specific words, there would never be any uncertainty, and yet sometimes a biblical writer has some uncertainty about minor details, such as the writer of II Kings 9, when he did not have perfect certainty regarding the exact number of eunuchs (was it two, or three?) involved in Jezebel’s death. “He looked up at the window and called out, “Who is on my side? Who?” Two or three eunuchs looked down at him. “Throw her down!” Jehu said. So they threw her down.”

    I presume God would know if it was two or if it was three.

    But, there are things said by prophets in which the prophet didn’t even understand the meaning of what they were saying or writing. See Acts 2:25 – 2:36 as an example.

    In such instances, the claim is being made that the prophet was given specific words by God.

    It seems ‘inspired by God’ sometimes means specific words are being given, but other times it seems the writer is not necessarily given the specific words.


    1. Clark Coleman

      Your discussion really leads to another topic: the difference between inerrancy and inspiration. Different genres of scripture are not all inspired in the same way. A prophet could be given word by word inspiration, or a vision, without claiming that the authorship of Kings works the same way. Inerrancy simply means lack of error; historical and prophetic writings could be inspired differently but inerrant in the same way (i.e., free from errors). Saying that two or three eunuchs were present in the tower is not an error and therefore has nothing to do with inerrancy. However, it is revealing as an insight into how inspiration does and does not work.


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  19. Kevin

    Thank you very much for this review. I purchased the book immediately and am still reading through it. In reading it I didn’t realize that the position I’ve held on inerrency was so controversial. Though it does explain some of my experiences of the past. Once I was in an Adult Fellowship being taught by a person whom I respect and has much greater knowledge and wisdom than I. The question was asked “is Scripture required for salvation” or something of that nature and I shook my head “no” after which our teacher emphatically said “yes”. My response in my head was almost verbatim of what was in this book. “How would Stephen have been saved, then?”

    Interestingly enough, in the church that I used to attend and (I suspect) the one that I attend now, the basic definition was that the Bible is “inerrent in the original language, and the original manuscripts” or something along those lines. And I’ve always added, for the sake of clarity “with its original intent.” I never realized that so many in Evangelical circles have problems with that. I have contended that without at least trying to understand the context and intent of a passage we run the very real risk of interpreting the Scriptures in whichever way we see fit. But I never realized I was in such a minority. This has been a very eye-opening read.


  20. Thank you Kevin for your compliments! Your view is only controversial if you’re not a new fundamentalist. Thank you also for buying the book and I hope you’ll leave a positive review on Amazon!


    1. Tim Reichmuth

      Ok, this whole original intent concept mentioned by Kevin and used by Michael in his roundtable discussion with Kruger, et al is indeed troublesome. Not so much for the concept but the way it is used to redefine historically accurate passages as something less,e.g.(myth or legend) and then claiming to hold to an inerrant bible. Almost everyone could claim to hold to some form of this concept, even while denying essential beliefs, as long as they are the one who determines original intent. Finally, with this concept in mind, even a direct answer to whether there are errors in the bible is insufficient to know where practitioners of this new ‘original intent’ actually are. Let us not forget that Jesus , Himself, is the one who promised the apostles that the paraclete would insure they would remember all that Jesus taught. So unless one argues Jesus’ original intent was somehow not what it seems then Jesus, His resurrection are historical because scripture records it. This does not elevate scripture above Jesus but to the place Jesus placed it, an accurate record of historical events.


      1. Clarke Morledge

        The concept of original intent is only troublesome for those who conflate inerrancy with their own interpretation of the text. If there is evidence that suggests that we have wrongly understood the original intent of the sacred author, then why would this necessarily undermine inerrancy? The evidence may or may not be conclusive. Licona could be right on his interpretation. He could be wrong, too. But what does this have to do with inerrancy?


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  22. Tim Reichmuth

    I have not read Mike’s book yet! However, I have read several of his articles to include the address to EPS and the Muddy Waters of Chicago which address the specifics of his position, in addition to the aforementioned roundtable discussion. I have also read reviews both positive and negative. Certainly, I do not condone the antics that have occurred surrounding his position. Yet, neither do I believe that his stated position on original intent bode well as a method to deal with difficult texts. Also this whole idea that we cannot take into account the uniqueness of the Biblical text, e.g. it’s inspiration, when looking at historical events is troubling. Using hyperbole in uninspired texts, to prove that what appears to be an inspired historical account is not, rather than accepting a plain reading is equally troubling. No, I am not ant-intellectual, historical research is both informing and valuable. It is also a red herring to answer challenges by attempting to redirect the debate. Original intent is troubling for the reasons stated not because I have conflated my interpretation with inerrancy.


      1. Well James, there’s a lot White gets wrong which is one reason I decided not to move forward, as well as my own mentors giving me that advice. For instance, he warned me to be careful since he knows some people at BIOLA. First off, I can only see that as a threat. Why make a threat to me? Beats me.

        Second, I am not now nor have I ever been or even tried to be a BIOLA student. White made that assumption and had he simply done some checking on me, he would have found that false easily.

        The biggest problem is White has this idea that sitting at the table of NT scholarship means sitting at a seat that denies Jesus is Lord. We’re here on Dan Wallace’s blog. He’s a NT scholar. Does he deny Jesus is Lord? How about Mike Licona? How about Craig Blomberg? Ben Witherington? Craig Keener? Michael Bird? N.T. Wright? Etc. I could go on and on.

        If anything, the NT is our document. We should be the ones in charge of it and leading the way in scholarship. Yet at the same time, I wish we were also leading the way in evolutionary scholarship, either for or against, in Islamic scholarship, in astronomical scholarship, in law scholarship. In every area, Christians should be leading. We should seek to be the best scholars.

        White lives in a world apparently of strong dichotomies. Oh I don’t deny there are several NT scholars that are antagonistic to Christianity. So what? Try to win them over sure, but don’t let that mean they control the area. They don’t.


      2. James_Durham

        I think you misrepresented White.

        You realize he wasn’t talking about BIOLA, right? He was talking about Southern Evangelical Seminary.

        Second, the issue of Lordship is not about salvation, but the application of Christ’s Lordship to every situation. And in this case, will you accept what Scripture says even if “scholarship” says contrary?


      3. When I watched, he said he knew people at BIOLA. If he had said SES though, it still wouldn’t matter. I haven’t attended a class at SES in years and it’s still a threat.

        As for the Scriptures, would I go with them if scholarship said otherwise? Yes. Absolutely. So would Mike LIcona, Craig Keener, Ben Witherington, Michael Bird, William Lane Craig, etc. I don’t think it would be a problem though. If the Scriptures are true, good scholarship that works rightly will bring that truth out.


      4. James_Durham

        Well, I agree that you’re not really a threat. Maybe that’s why there’s not a lot of interaction with your stuff. Maybe I’m wrong.

        However, as the record goes (or at least what we can all see online): White discussed your book, you responded (mainly claiming misrepresentation), and he responded to you.

        Clearly, this is more of an issue between presuppositional and evidentialist apologetics. White is a presuppositionalist and you’re clearly an evidentialist.

        I also think you didn’t respond because White has a huge media outlet. Why don’t you discuss the topic with him? Let the scholarship prove itself. What do you have to lose?


      5. Actually, I never said anything about my being a threat. I said something about White making one. Once we get to that level, why bother? Furthermore, if we want to go with media outlets, Joel Osteen has quite a media outlet as well. So what?

        I notice mainly that the points I raised about scholarship weren’t addressed. Could be just a case of White presuppositionalism going on here. However, there is a fuller working out of the issue planned for the book when it comes out in a format that is not EBook.

        And no, the reason I kept going was I was advised not to by my many mentors. I followed their advice.


    1. Tim,

      Let me respond to some things you said in your last post:

      “Yet, neither do I believe that his stated position on original intent bode well as a method to deal with difficult texts.”

      I hope you agree, though, that original intent is of utmost importance. Is it possible that some authors did not originally intend certain things to be taken as exact literal history? (Consider Jesus’ parables where he tells a narrative of something that is likely not historical.) If so then that’s how we should interpret it. But the onus is on us to determine original intent . It is not a license to pick and choose what we want to believe or what is most convenient to believe – but that applies both ways.

      “Also this whole idea that we cannot take into account the uniqueness of the Biblical text, e.g. it’s inspiration, when looking at historical events is troubling. Using hyperbole in uninspired texts, to prove that what appears to be an inspired historical account is not, rather than accepting a plain reading is equally troubling.”

      Are you suggesting an inspired text cannot contain hyperbole, idioms or other figures of speech and normal use of language from the culture it originated in? That is a very troublesome position. If people consistently hold to this position I expect to see more one- or zero-eyed Christians walking around hating their parents.

      The fact is that the way ancients used language and literature to communicate is often very different from our own. When you want to read the text literally you bring all sorts of modern presuppositions about what that means – which might be different than what the author intended at times. It requires humility and hard work on our part to be right. We can no longer just assume they thought and communicated just like us. I’m not saying its radically different or that we have no idea what we are reading – but there are differences that can make a difference in how a text is understood. The more we learn about the culture and times the better to understand the author’s intent.


      1. Tim Reichmuth


        Yes! Original intent of the author is the goal that we seek. Of course , the scriptures contain hyperbole, et al, it is not only inspired but intended to communicate to us in human language. Literal interpretation requires that one deal with all of this and contra some, literal is not wooden. Indeed, the more we learn about the culture and the times the better! But none of this allows us to import these ideas or concepts into historical events because they are troublesome.

        All that has been said here, at least by me, is framed within the original post by Dr. Wallace and the subsequent interaction in the thread as it relates to how Mike has applied these concepts to the resurrection of the saints.

        Let me be clear, nothing I have said should be read in a way that conveys anything more than this.



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  24. Keith R. Starkey

    Personally, if God showed up at my doorstep and said, “I inspired certain people to write according to what they knew, in view of the times in which they lived, and that the overall message would be My work of salvation to be brought about through certain unchangeable and unalterable facts [the five-to-six common critical core elements of Christianity: Jesus is the Son of God, the essence and express image of God; he was born of a virgin, died, resurrected, is Lord and King, and will come back again to finish the job of bringing all things into conformity to the Father’s will; and that only by submitting one’s allegiance and knee to him, in obedience and service to him, is salvation found], it’s neither here nor there if you find a mistake in spelling, language, words, numbers; neither is it here nor there if I allowed editing and redaction; neither is it here nor there if the science in the Bible isn’t up to twenty-first century knowledge; neither is it here nor there if you believe that the world was created in six days or six thousand years. I’m God, there’s only one of Me, Jesus is Lord and Savior, and that’s that…” If God said that to me, I’d be juuuuust fine with that.

    I mean, what, am I going to argue with God? Am I going to tell Him, “Yeah, but the Chicago Statement of Inerrancy says…”? Really?

    I’ve read the Bible (studied most all of my life). I get the message. If nothing else, I don’t need anything more than to know that the the central core truths are the point of the whole Bible. End of story. I don’t have to throw it out the door because I see a mistake, a numerical error, even a contradiction, or six days or six thousand years in creation. I DON’T CARE! That’s not the point of the book. It’s to give us the message of God’s love for this fouled up, sinful world; that there really is a way of escape, and that it ain’t good for those who won’t go with it. Period.


  25. amanlaw

    Dan, thank you for the insightful review. This is an “intramural debate” it seems, but certainly has implications extending beyond our evangelical community. (Come back to Tampa soon! 🙂 )


  26. Cross-Current

    Reblogged this on Cross-Current and commented:
    Leaning more toward the traditionalist view of inerrancy myself, I am always a little uncomfortable with any discussion of the flexibility of the definition of inerrancy. However, this blog by Dr. Wallace is very interesting still. What are your thoughts on the strictness/flexibility of the definition of the doctrine of inerrancy?


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  29. JImmy

    Bravo on pointing out the dangers of the “domino theory” as you put it. And kudos for pointing out the “spiritual/allegorical” interpretations of some of the early fathers that we might wince at today, that doesn’t exactly line up with the idea of an unbroken 2000 year theological agreement on inerrancy (ala Geiser or Woodbridge types). On the other hand, I can understand Geisler’s frustration: it looks like some are trying to have their cake and eat it to. In other words, instead of saying “YES, this is an error” or “YES, this is unhistorical mythology here”, some are saying “NO, it’s not an error” and therefore they can continue to hold teaching positions after they have signed doctrinal statements holding they believe in inerrancy, while at the same time acknowleding “difficulties” with the text and subsequent interpretations that MAY not be exactly compatible with how inerrancy is understood in the evangelical world (i.e, CSBI). Thus the critique of dying a death of a thousand qualifications (and I should point out that the hard-liners are just as guilty in their explanations: Peter denying Jesus 5 times, etc). My own feeling is that the evangelical community needs reexamination of the theology of verbal plenary inspiration and canon formation. The popular description of inspiration, however nuanced and rejecting of dictation theory, still seems pretty close to a Koranic view: EVERY SINGLE WORD (assuming we get pretty close to the original and have agreement on the books [cannon]) is God’s words. God help me, I may be wrong, but it just doesn’t make sense to me.


  30. Alan

    Thanks for this review!

    Along the lines of inerrancy, have you read Kevin DeYoung’s latest: Taking God at His Word or listened to his message this year from T4G?

    Would you review it?


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  32. Where do people like Vern S. Poythress (Inerrancy and Worldview: Answering Modern Challenges to the Bible) and G. K. Beale (The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism: Responding to New Challenges to Biblical Authority). Both authors published by Crossway. Does it follow to assume that ESV translators hold to their view? Thanks


  33. James_Durham

    Defining Inerrancy: Affirming a Defensible Faith for a New Generation, by J. P. Holding and Nick Peters, published by Tekton E-Bricks on 22 May 2014, is intended to be a response to Norm Geisler and Bill Roach’s Defending Inerrancy—and so much more. Both have a similar cover and similar title.

    The only problem is they never actually interact with Geisler and Roach’s book. They only ripped off the cover and responded to the Jesus Quest.

    Also, look to this video: Starting about minute 57 James White made some great comments interacting with Nick Peters and Defining Inerrancy.


    1. Clark Coleman

      James White made some interesting points about the inerrancy discussion, after I endured five minutes of narcissism before he got started on that segment of the discussion. Maybe we should link that video in the Osteens and Christian Narcissism discussion as well.


  34. I think it often, if I can be so simplistic, comes down to the same suspicion and fear that characterizes much of Christian academia today. This probably includes a good bit of pride that says, in a way, unless “I” take a stand on what I have concluded, danger lies ahead. It is unfortunate how this fear can keep believers from depths of understanding inside the Word they long for in the first place.


  35. bary

    I was wondering what Mr. Wallace thinks about J.P. Holding’s foul-mouth style of apologetics. Holding says Jesus and Paul insulted their critics, so modern Christians can too, but I’ve also discovered that the “Context Group” which Holding lauds so highly, thinks Holding is silly and wants nothing to do with him.

    Bruce Malina has called Holding “silly” for anachronistically trying to use ‘honor/shame’ riposte today (, search for “Malina”).

    Richard Rohrbough was a co-founder of the Context Group and said that modern Christians insulting others has nothing to do with the bible ‘one way or the other’, that Holding deserves no respect, doesn’t deserve to be given the time of day, should be ignored, is equal to KJV Onlyist Peter Ruckman in being a ‘boor with no manners’, he says inerrancy is a purely modern notion that makes no sense at all, and that Holding “needs serious help”.

    Somebody has put together a list of quotations by Holding in which Holding illustrates his victory in argument using homosexual euphemisms and other inappropriately sexualized language.

    Although much of that stuff is 10 years old now, Holding hasn’t slowed down in trying to convince the world that he approaches argument like a frustrated child, immediately resorting to homosexual metaphor and insult when his position is criticized, and he does so to the point of having his rantings edited by his forum moderators.

    I simply want to know whether Mr. Wallace thinks there is any biblical justification, whatsoever, for the foul-mouthed insulting style that has defined Holding for the last 20 years. If there is, then why doesn’t Wallace argue with his own critics in the same debased way? Or will Wallace avoid this question for political reasons given that he lauds Holding’s Inerrancy book, and it might be bad public relations to criticize an author he elsewhere praises?

    Does Mr. Wallace think Holding’s use of homosexual euphemisms to illustrate how he views his alleged argument-victories constitutes sin, yes or no? If yes, then Holding has gone for 20 years willfully sinning while apparently not only never noticing that it was sin, but being fully persuaded that it was biblically justified behavior! Thus making it rather difficult to believe that Holding is genuinely saved. In the bible, one’s salvation-status is never marked by one’s intellectual prowess or loud-mouthing, but by one’s walking in the light. Holding’s ship sinks immediately after one realizes that in the bible, actions speak louder than words.

    I also want to know what Wallace thinks of Holding’s curious admission that he doesn’t really care whether the bible is inerrant. How can Holding be serious in co-authoring a book defending a modern-day perspective on inerrancy, if he actually doesn’t care about it one way or the other? If Wallace thinks inerrancy is inextricably tied to scriptural inspiration and is important doctrine, he will find it difficult to dismiss Holding’s cavalier attitude toward it.


    1. Hmmmm. Curious if you’ve followed the Biblical mandate that if you think your brother is in the wrong that you go and confront him privately first.

      Have you done this?


      1. Care to quote that Biblical mandate? Some try to abuse Matthew 18, which speaks of one brother committing sin against another, which is not a general matter of “thinking your brother is in the wrong.” If “bary” thinks you have personally sinned against him, then he should take it to you privately. If he thinks that your public actions, while not directed personally at him, are harming the kingdom of God, then Matthew 18 says nothing about how he has to discuss it privately with you. Your discussions to which he objects are public, as is his criticism of your tactics.

        Perhaps you were thinking of a different passage than Matthew 18? Was Paul private with his disagreement with Peter in Galatians 2:11-21? Paul did not claim that Peter personally sinned against him. He objected to public actions of Peter, and so he made his objection public as well.


      2. No. I was thinking of the reply. My point with the message is that Bary needs to go to JPH himself and see what his defense of this is. That’s what I did. There was even a thread up in TheologyWeb before it crashed where honest questions were answered.

        Too many people just have a response of “I don’t like it, therefore it’s wrong.”

        And I agree with you on Paul and Peter. Note however that this was at the time of the event. The correction had to be done immediately. That is not the same context here.


      3. Barry

        Yes. But if I give Holding the benefit of the doubt (i.e., that his routine insulting of unbelieving skeptics is not sin), then the privacy requirement on the rebuke Jesus describes in Matthew 18:15 does not apply. Jesus was requiring private rebuke toward the bother who “sins” (Greek: hamartano, see NASB and NAU).

        And now I too am curious…how well do you know James Patrick Holding, and if you know him well, then how likely is it, in your opinion, that he would cease his 20-year long habit of routinely insulting his critics, simply because he was privately informed by a brother that this habit of his was sin?

        Which makes me curious about more: In your opinion, is Holding sinning by reason of his routine resort to insulting rhetoric and sexually graphic euphemisms to portray his self-confessed argument-victories, yes or no? I can buy that genuinely born again Christians not only sin, but may possibly “live in a sin” for a while, nobody is perfect. But do you think Holding’s 20-year blindness to the obvious scriptural teaching against Christians insulting their critics, is too long a time to mistake sin for godly conduct, for genuinely born again people to err that way?

        I’ll have you know that Holding has never, and will never, produce any published bible scholarship that finds it biblically justified for modern-day Christians to insult their critics with the sort of consistency and harshness and sexually graphic imagery that Holding does. Oh wait, infamous KJV Onlyist Peter Ruckman does the same thing, and he has a Ph.d. I stand corrected. Let me rephrase: The only scholarship that supports Holding’s habitual resort to insulting his critics, is from a Ph.d whose other beliefs include viewing the KJV as advanced revelation, so much that the KJV is better than the original Greek and Hebrew manuscripts (!?). What’s worse, I think it highly unlikely that Ruckman’s Ph.d was in a field that makes him an authority on the subject of honor/shame cultures.

        If Holding has been mistaking sinful conduct for godly conduct for the entirety of his 20-year long apologetics career, don’t you suppose this is an exceptional case calling for the “deliver-over-to-Satan” type of Christian response that apostle Paul responded with in 1st Corinthians 5:5?

        I want the readers of this blog to know that I will appreciate any response by Dr. Wallace, HOWEVER, if Wallace chooses to remain silent, or otherwise refuses to directly address the problems of Holding’s insults that I’ve laid out, I will have two interpretive options: a)Wallace refuses to respond directly because he doesn’t think Holding’s insulting style is unChristian, therefore, no need to address it in the first place, or b)Wallace refuses to respond directly because he believes Holding’s use of insults constitutes sin, and as such, Wallace believes himself to be under the Matthew 18:15 obligation to rebuke Holding privately. If Wallace does not respond to me directly about Holding, I will choose interpretive option “b”.

        However, I do note that my comments against Holding were approved for publishing here, so I am confident that Dr. Wallace in all likelihood will not sit by and hope that this critique of Holding will simply blow over, but will instead, when his schedule permits, address what appears to be at minimum an extremely controversial viewpoint of Holding that neither you, nor anybody else, can find direct support for from any published scholarly sources.


      4. I know him quite well, so well that these criticisms do not bother me. JPH is one of my closest friends, which is why I wrote the book with him.

        Beyond that, if you’re interested in finding out about this, then go to and don’t start an argument, start a discussion. Honest questions are never a problem.


      5. Clark, regarding your comment to apologianick, I need to offer a correction. The words “against you” in Matthew 18.15 are not found in all the manuscripts. There is a strong tradition that omits the words, and this omission is what is read in several modern translations. A master’s thesis, quite well done I might add, By Garrett Mathis at Dallas Seminary also argued that the words “against you” were a later addition.


      6. Barry

        My response to apologianick: Nick, do you believe there is biblical warrant for modern-day Christians to illustrate their argument-victories with homosexual euphemisms, yes or no?

        My response to Dr. Wallace: I’m going with option “b” :). I have every confidence in the world and heaven, that when you became apprised of Holding’s problems, you didn’t just sit back and tell yourself “I only review his book, I don’t comment on his morality”, but you went to him in private with your concerns about his attempts to use context group work to justify his obviously sinful communication style. It is only the immature Christians who think the only issues that need addressing are Holding’s apologetics arguments. If Holding persists in sin with such aggressive promoting and blindness, this raises a legitimate concern that he has crossed the line from “living in sin” to looking no more born again than the atheists he seeks to convert. If Holding has been wrong here, then he’s been wrong for the last 20 years with his attempts to characterize sinful talk as godly. That puts him in the same category of sinning Christian that motivated Paul to say “deliver over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh”, which doesn’t exactly sound like church probation.

        My response to clbirch: We can easily dispose of your attempt at damage control. Wallace need not weigh in on Holding at all, I simply ask Wallace to comment on some matters that do not require him to mention Holding’s name:

        1 – Does Wallace believe that the bible supports modern day Christians who crow about their having won some argument with a skeptic, by using homosexual imagery, yes or no? clbirch, do you suppose its just a coincidence that established scholars who are mature in Christ, just happen to avoid talking all filthy like Holding? Or do you think the greater probability is that such brothers genuinely feel such filthy talk is clearly sinful? Gee, that would be really hard to figure out, eh?

        2 – Does Wallace have any knowledge of the social science work on the NT performed by the context group, specifically by scholars Malina and Rohrbough? If so, can he think of anything in context group work that either directly or indirectly supports modern Christians who routinely insult and belittle atheists and heretics? clbirch, what at the odds that Wallace will provide me with references to context group publications that argue in favor of modern-day Christians routinely and aggressively insulting their critics? Maybe god has sent me into your life through this blog to remind you that walking in the light and growing in Christ involves a bit more challenge and sacrifice in your life than gluing your face to your computer, logging into theologyweb, and hitting the browser-refresh button 6,000 times a day?

        3 – In 2nd Timothy 2:24-26, Paul instructs Timothy to avoid being quarrelsome, but to instead be kind to “all”. What would Wallace say to a Christian who insisted that this passage does not prohibit being quarrelsome with critics of the faith, where the quarreling takes place before the general public?

        You say Wallace does not comment on or defend Holding’s character or personal interactions. Well as a good Christian, maybe he thinks the New Testament obligates him to do something more than stay safely silent while reviewing potential evidence of an alleged Christian brother aggressively attempting to justify sin?

        You say my two interpretive options are a false dilemma and patently false, but you aren’t making any sense. First, I was making a probability argument, I wasn’t making a logical deduction. Logical fallacies are not appropriate criticism for probability arguments. Second, If Wallace never addresses my concerns here, there is a slim possibility that it could be for reasons I didn’t yet name, yes, but the greater probability would be one of the two options I mentioned. Once again, Wallace is not just a scholar but a mature Christian. He likely doesn’t agree with you that his spiritual duties to brothers in potential sin stops right after he discusses their arguments about inerrancy.

        You say Holding’s filthy talk is an issue probably WAY down on Wallace’s priority list, but I insist that Wallace, a mature Christian, probably takes the longevity and potential willfulness of a Christian brother’s sinning a bit more seriously than you do. You also need to search your own heart: What is more important to Jesus, in your opinion? Keeping free from sin, or creating strong apologetics arguments that beat skeptics to a pulp? If Jesus would have a big problem with Holding aggressively justifying something that is sinful, doesn’t it follow from biblical logic that he plans to have Holding publicly denounced if he doesn’t repent? What fool says “just answer his arguments and leave his morality alone”, except a very immature Christian?

        Your attempt at damage control is crushed under James 3:1. Holding’s choice to write thousands of articles, quote scholars, and crow about how many zillions of hits his website gets every day, as well as his mission statement to correct heretics and refute skeptics in the public sphere, when taken along with his 501c tax status so that he receives donations from people who regard him as a teacher, require that he is a teacher. Since teachers have far greater capacity to cause false teaching to spread, they receive the greater judgment, which theologically implies that, if teacher Holding is teaching falsely, other mature Christian teachers should sharply rebuke him, that he may be sound in the faith. Titus 1:10-13. Here “sound in the faith” does not mean “acknowledge the deity of Jesus”, but “stop abusing Christian scholarship to feed his purely naturalistic lust to argue solely for the rush he gets out of it.”

        Finally, you err in saying my comments smack of an ad hominem attack. I never said Holding’s work could be dismissed solely because he uses foul language. I have said that his 20-year persistence in what appears to be plain error/sin suggests that he is more likely a false Christian, than a Christian who got caught up in false teaching. I can buy that somebody can be mislead for 20 years on the nature of election after reading debates between Arminians and Calvinists. What I cannot buy is that a genuinely born again Christian can, for 20+ years, seriously and aggressively promote as godly and biblically justified, a mode of conduct that is actually sin.

        What would you do if you found out that Malina really does think Holding’s modern-day use of riposte is “silly”? What would you do if you found out that Rohrbough really did say that Holding gives Christianity a bad name, and that the context group wants nothing to do with him? Would you start to be concerned that Holding’s 20-year blindness to his abuse of his favorite quoted scholars suggests a willful persistence in sin? Remember before you answer: Holding wants to be viewed as an intellectual giant. If indeed the context group disapproves of his use of their scholarship to justify his modern-day application of riposte, it is highly unlikely this happened simply because of his ignorance or deception. Holding wants to be viewed by everybody else as the beacon of light shining on everybody else’s errors. If his light was darkness, then how great was that darkness!?

        Your attempt to play down the significance of Holding’s error signals your own immaturity in Christ. If Holding is wrong here, he is not just ‘incorrect’, he has been willfully persisting in clear sin for more than 20+ years. While YOU say “just answer his arguments and keep his morality out of it”, your own bible threatens Holding with severely terrible judgment of god due to willful sinning. Hebrews 10:26-31, which strongly implies this god would require brothers and sisters in Christ to start the Matthew 18 process, and eventually answer his refusals to repent by advertising his remoselessness to the whole church, and then regarding him after that point, the way Jews regarded heathens and publicans. Holding’s errors are FAR more serious than his extensive childish use of “smilies” would indicate.

        Liked by 1 person

    2. clbirch


      I don’t think Wallace has any obligation to respond or weigh in on your concerns. His review was just that – a review of a book and it’s argument. He does not comment on or defend Holding’s character or personal interactions. He is only evaluating the merits of the arguments in the book. One can support the validity of a published argument without regard to whatever else the author may or may not say or do. Your false dilemma (i.e. ‘If Wallace doesn’t respond then I’m forced to conclude one of two things’) is patently false. I only conclude that Wallace doesn’t have time to respond or look into and validate your criticisms of Holding – it’s probably WAY down on his priority list. It might be different if Wallace was personally endorsing Holding in this review, but he only addresses the arguments made in the book and isn’t obligated beyond that. Your whole approach smacks of an ad hominem attack. Even if all your assertions are true about Holding (I have no idea if they are or are not) it wouldn’t invalidate an argument he made.

      Sent from my iPhone



      1. Matthew

        Bary’s assertions are true (Holding is notoriously nasty to both skeptics and believers he disagrees with), but you are correct that he’s going about it all wrong.


      2. Barry

        I am willing to debate you, in writing, on any apologetics subject you feel most comfortable debating, in any internet or email forum you wish. If you seriously believe that ANY of Holding’s apologetics arguments cannot be reasonably refuted, feel free to defend one and we’ll debate it. Or if you are one of those followers who talk big for Holding without appreciating exactly why you think his arguments are powerful, tell me which arguments of his you think are the most powerful, and I’ll explain to you how easy it is to refute them. By the way, do you know of any brothers or sisters in Christ, who seriously disagree with Holding’s modern-day use of riposte, yes or no?


      3. To answer the final question, yes. Absolutely.

        Now as for engaging me on a forum, simple. Come to TheologyWeb. I’m in the Deeper Waters section.

        I also don’t think all of Holdings’s arguments are refutable, but the one conclusion I’d go with is the resurrection of Jesus.


      4. Barry

        I was banned from theologyweb by “sparko”, so we’ll have to debate somewhere else, unless you can convince sparko to let me back in? As for the resurrection of Jesus, that is quite an involved subject, since examination of each alleged supporting proof could fill a book. A cumulative case doesn’t mean much if the individual parts, when analyzed on their own, each suffer various weaknesses. Nobody locks a gate with a chain made up of several broken links. Please name the one individual piece of evidence/testimony you believe strongly supports the resurrection, and we’ll debate its authenticity and/or reliability. I presume you’d name apostle Paul as one of the better examples of resurrection testimony from the NT that comes down to us today in first-hand form? I am also interested in debating inerrancy with you. I do not mean discussing whether certain bible verses have error, but whether it is reasonable to dismiss as highly implausible the view that says the originals of the bible books were free from all error. I claim that the doctrine of inerrancy is, under other biblical principles, nothing more significant to growth in Christ, than the “doting about questions and strifes of words” that Paul so strongly prohibited in 1st Timothy 6:4.


      5. Oh yes. I was sure you were the one banned from TheologyWeb.

        Yes. Your reputation is very well-earned as someone who is a stalker. I really have no interest in engaging with stalkers.

        Your problem with JPH is your own. If I were you, I’d say life is way too short to waste time worrying about it. For some reason, it has become a fixation for you.

        Seriously. Find something more productive to do.


      6. clbirch

        The only things I know about Holding are from this review and this thread. I don’t have a dog in this fight. It just seems to me that you are indirectly attacking Holding’s arguments by pointing out his alleged character flaws and misbehavior and demanding publicly that Wallace weigh in on them. If what you say Holding is guilty of is true I agree that is a serious issue for and his congregation and colleagues should confront him about it. But it’s not the responsibility of every Christian to take a public stance on every other professing believer’s alleged public sin – even those that may be reviewing their books. You have an obvious agenda to defame Holding and his arguments (and maybe you are right about him) but Wallace has no obligation to weigh in publicly about Holding just because he reviewed his book favorably. Does Wallace need to have a public stance on the Christian character of every published theologian and biblical scholar he has read and referenced? Does he have to respond to every claim of reported misdoing of other NT professors he has ever worked with or cited in research?

        It’s obvious you have a HUGE bone to pick with Holding but bringing your fight to Wallace for favorably reviewing Holding’s book is misplaced. You just appear angry that someone with stellar credentials like Wallace likes a book by Holding.

        Sent from my iPhone



  36. Hi Barry,

    If you are B&H, then I was the one who finally banned you (for a number reasons), and given you past behavior, I’m not going to reverse it, and none of the other owners are likely to either.



    1. Barry

      yeah, but what you cannot go back in time and change is the fact that, despite all of my posts and threads that rocked people out of their tektonics comfort zones, I was never banned until immediately after I PM’d several of Holding’s most ardent supports, the proof that not only do context scholar’s clarify Holding’s abuse of their scholarship, but Craig Blomberg cannot think of anything in CG scholarship that would support persistent insulting of critics. You did not ban me for multiple reasons. You banned me because my demolition of Holding’s credibility was more painful than you expected it would ever be. I will debate you any time anywhere on any apologetics subject of your choice. If unbelievers are without excuse, so are you.


      1. No, you broke enough rules that you were put into what we call the Matrix on TWeb (our last chance for those who can’t obey the rather simple rules). This mean that all your posts had to be moderated. About half the posts you while in the Matrix didn’t pass muster.
        The rules you broke
        * Sockpuppetry (You’ve been banned a number of times from TWeb as SkepticBud / SkepticDude / Spirit5er and now B&H)
        * profanity
        * blasphemy
        * spamming and flooding (both the forums and the final straw that led to a permanent ban, spamming members via PM)
        * flaming

        And while not a violation but highly suspicious every single IP address you visited TWeb from was an anonymous proxy.


  37. Barry

    My reply to Matthew: You say I go about this all wrong. That doesn’t make sense. First, there is no law saying I can’t complain to Wallace about Holding. Second, I tried the Matthew 18 way of private rebuke first, and was banned from theologyweb under the pretext of “spamming”. Spamming is good if the information is correct and helpful, and no subsequent posts there have tried to rebut the substance of the PM, just more smilies and distractions. Third, my comments were approved by the moderator here, so apparently, the moderator doesn’t agree with you that what I’m doing is “wrong”. Fourth, Holding has been in the wrong deliberately for the last 20 years. He is an extreme case that calls for something heavier than a personal rebuke. Fifth, you might want to reconsider before you chime in again…if my exposure of Holding is sufficient to raise the specter of him likely not even being a Christian in the first place, then my exposure of him is helping true Christians to be less deceived about which people are truly in the body of Christ and which aren’t. Sixth, you would have been more correct to qualify your criticism of me as your personal opinion. Whether it is “wrong” to publicly censure a fool that seeks publicity is a very subjective thing. Thanks for your opinion, but I will continue to aggressively advertise my arguments for Holding-as-unbeliever to as many Christian and apologetics websites, blogs and lists as I can, until I start seeing results. If you don’t like it, Google “freedom of speech”.


    1. Matthew

      You’re not a Christian, so I don’t see any reason why you would need to follow Mat. 18. If your goal is to expose Holding for the bully that he is, it’s best not to discredit yourself by sounding like a complete loon in the process.


      1. barry jones

        Well, genius, what fool would say that an atheist following Matthew 18 in their effort to expose a sinful Christian, is a “complete loon”? I think Jesus’ advice there is perfectly reasonable even for unbelievers to follow. Holding laughed at my initial emails to him, so I chose to address him within his obvious comfort zone called ‘theologyweb’, and all that did was allow his followers to encourage the sin, and so I came here to Daniel Wallace, whom we all agree is “beyond reproach”. Oh yeah, I’m a real “loon”.

        I suggest that you shelf your concerns to trifle about the more jerry springer aspects of this issue and concern yourself with whether I do a greater good or greater bad in drawing the attention of more mature respectable Christian leaders to Holding’s willingness to sin while insisting its not sin but godly behavior. Thanks for your opinion that you think I’m a complete loon, but then again, Wallace hasn’t yet commented on this looming issue, and like I said, I’m going with option “b”, which would seem to indicate that Wallace thinks the issue I raise does indeed need serious addressing. Whether I could have gone about it differently is nothing but pillow talk. I am an aggressive person myself, I fight back, so my concern to make sure most others agree with how I go about resolving problems with loud-mouths, is very limited. I can buy Matthew 18. I cannot buy “couldn’t you have been nicer/more subtle about it?”

        I will therefore assume the reason you try to focus on me instead of the obvious sin of Holding is not because you think I’m a loon, but solely because my actions and posts have launched you out of your comfort zone. The child does not care if mommy deserves to be arrested and jailed. The child still irrationally protests and cries when mommy gets in trouble. I don’t know if you are Christian or non-Christian, but it seems unreasonable to suppose a non-Christian would think any errors in the “way I go about it” are more important than the overall good I do in forcing the Christians to circle the wagons.

        Bottom line, if you are a Christian and you think nothing in the bible supports a modern-day apologist in using homosexual euphemism to belittle unbelievers and crow about his winning of trifling arguments on the internet, you’ve got far more serious problems on your hands than simply your disagreement with the way Holding’s greatest ideological enemies go about exposing him. You probably also think gangs can resolve their problems by means other than murdering each other, but then again, if you hear about a gang shootout on the news, you don’t exactly cry about this loss of life now do you? No more than you cry about the babies God ordered butchered in 1st Samuel 15:3? Keep your eye on the ball, buddy. The problem of Holding’s being a blight to his own is far greater than any alleged problem of how I “go about” exposing him.


  38. Barry

    My answer to apologianick: If you were sure I was the one recently banned from theologyweb, does that mean your prior acceptance of my debate challenge was insincere? You also call me a stalker. You might wish to watch your mouth, that is libelous. I’ve only chirped about Holding online, which means you were talking about cyberstalking, but federal law says it must be using a computer to put somebody in fear of death or causing great emotional distress. The former is dismissed since I never threatened his life or safety. The latter is dismissed due to how much in the recent past Holding insults me and laughs at me through his posts, with neither expression nor implication that he is emotionally distressed. US Code 18 Section 2261A. I don’t live in Holding’s home state of Florida, but even if Florida law applied, that law says the harassment must be conduct directed at a specific person that causes substantial emotional distress in such person and serves no legitimate purpose. The law also includes the “for no legitimate purpose” under the “cyberstalking” definition. FS § 784.048(2).

    I hardly think that using the internet and blogs to communicate my personal view that Holding is not a true Christian and to remind the world and Christians of how much his most often quoted scholars think he is silly and gives Christianity a bad name, is something that qualifies legally as cyberstalking. I reject your advice that I find something more productive to do. I find that exposing Holding to be every bit as fraudulent and dishonest as Benny HInn, is likely to cause others to express concern over Holding’s behavior, which is my whole purpose.

    i’m no psychologist, however, I interpret the flood of requests to me from here and other places that I leave Holding alone, to signify that I’ve really rocketed some of Holding’s followers out of their comfort zones in ways that they cannot falsify on the merits. Either find a law that says my dedication to ruining Holding’s apologetics career with proof of his abusing scholarship and his immorality is criminal behavior, or brace yourself for the tsunami Holding caused with his tectonics.

    By the way, you never answered my question whether you think Holding’s insults and homosexual euphemisms have biblical justification, and if not, how you can possibly classify this as a non-essential personal issue between him and god that others should leave alone, when in fact that kind of conduct isn’t even expected of decent mature unbelievers. Plenty of other Christians, including apologist James White, have negatively commented on Holding’s juvenile delinquent-styled communication techniques, so that I’m not bothered if the only people telling me to find something better to do, are those who are either his close friends, or those who have some type of interest in the success of his apologetics ministry.


    1. Yeah. This is amusing. I just wanted to make sure you were the same person who was banned. Knowing that now, why should I waste time on a debate with someone who I do think is stalking. You sent a spam to most people on TheologyWeb, including myself, documenting a case you had against Holding.

      Give it up. There are better things to do with your life. Personally, it looks like you’ve hung yourself enough by your own rope and I have much better debates I can invest myself in. Right now, you seem a bit too unhinged to debate as long as you have your JPHOCD, and I’m sure Raphael could go into much more detail on your banishment from TWeb.

      Although I do suspect you’ll try to show up again.


      1. Barry Jones

        Hey Nick,

        Do you believe that Holding’s persistent resort to belittling, insult and sexually graphic euphemism in his dealings with critics, constitutes sin, yes or no?

        If not, maybe you’d like to explain why the the context group, i.e., the scholars Holding cites to most heavily to justify his modern-day employment of riposte, call him silly, think he gives Christianity a bad name, and want nothing to do with him?

        If yes, then I have to trust that, as a mature Christian yourself, you addressed Holding’s sin properly under Matthew 18 yourself as his good friend and co-author of his books, by going to him in private. But here’s your problem: Holding still commits this sin today just as much as he did 10 and 20 years ago. So if you DID the Matthew 18 thing, something tells me Holding didn’t repent, and you had to take witnesses, and eventually tell the whole church of the sin. Can you understand why I have difficulty believing you’ve done all you are supposed to do under Matthew 18? Did you forget the part that says where telling the church doesn’t work, you must regard him the way first-century jews regarded heathens and publicans? If you think Holding’s “satire” is sin, why do you refuse to regard him the way first-century Jews regarded heathens and tax-gatherers? You cannot say “because he ceased this sin”, and if you say his insulting style isn’t sin, you cannot explain why the scholars he quotes to justify that unique trait think him silly to employ biblical riposte in today’s America.

        Or maybe you find it easier to tell me to find something else to do, than to answer these biblically justified concerns? I can understand your consternation now that you are forever linked by co-authorship to such a person, but god would probably want you to prioritize your obligations under Matthew 18 a bit higher than your interest in selling books. This is an acid test of your true spirituality. God sometimes calls Christians to make the difficult decision of walking away from brothers who are so so steeped in error that they confidently misconstrue sin as godly behavior. Its nice that you wish to stick close to Holding through thick and thin, but the biblical answer to such aggressive remorselessness is “deliver to Satan for the destruction of the flesh”, 1st Corinthians 5:5. If you refuse to obey the biblical example, you run a serious risk of sinning yourself, not simply be refusal to obey the bible, but by reason that your devoted committment to friendship with Holding becames something that encourages and enables him to persist in his sin.

        Which mystery would you like to discuss today? Holding supporting his insulting style with works of context group scholars who think it “silly” for today’s western Christians to employ biblical riposte? Or the mystery of why you fail to employ the “regard them as heathen and publican” part of Matthew 18? Doesn’t common sense say that those brothers in Christ whom Holding is most friendly with are those whose admonition to him would have greatest likelihood of causing him to be genuinely remorseful to the point of true change?

        If you believe Holding is saved, then under Titus 3:9-11, you don’t have the option to warn him multiple times or handwave his sinfulness, you warm him twice, and if that doesn’t work, that is the point at which you have nothing to do with him. I don’t think the original Greek of that passage says to wait until the book you co-authored with the divisive brother becomes unlikely to generate any more sales, before you start having nothing to do with him. But you might want to check the UBSGNT, since you can never depend on spiritually dead atheists to correctly discern truth in God’s word.

        Maybe Holding has an ability somewhat like New Testament authors quoting the OT? you know, they see “truths” in the language that nobody else was able to see until they saw it? If you say OT authors wrote often without realizing their words had a deeper “secondary fulfillment” beyond the historical sense, that’s not too different from saying Holding is able to see truths in context group scholarship, which the authoring scholars themselves didn’t realize they were writing.

        If you google my name and “tektonics” in the next few days, you’ll find my new blog site dedicated solely to rebutting Holding’s articles and books.


  39. Barry

    My reply to clbirch: You are incorrect. I have never expressed or implied that one good reason to dismiss Holding’s apologetics arguments, is because of his character flaws, sins or immorality. And unless you don’t know your bible very well, you must realize that there are two issues going on here which provide complete biblical justification for my notifying Wallace of Holding’s moral failure:

    1 – If Holding is correct that context group scholarship supports his belief that it is proper for modern-day Christians to insult and belittle their critics with sexualized metaphors, why are the context group scholars calling this particular trait of Holding “silly”, and saying they want nothing to do with him? I conclude that I have made a prima facie case that Holding’s insulting demeanor is indeed sinful. If even his own favorite quoted scholars refuse to endorse the conclusions he gets from their own work, that’s gonna make it very difficult to argue that he knows better what logically flows from their work, than the scholars themselves do.

    2 – If indeed Holding’s persistently insulting style of communication with critics is sin, then all Christians who are capable of contacting him privately have a Matthew 18 obligation to do so to win him back; an obligation to confront him in the presence of others; an obligation to tell it to the church; and if he still hasn’t repented by that time, for Christians to regard him the way first-century Jews regarded heathens and publicans.

    However, I take your complaints against me to signify that you must have gotten quite a bit of comfort out of believing Holding was a godly Christian properly using scholarship to place himself at the cutting edge of apologetics, and therefore, you seem to be experiencing what many Christians experience when they discover that their earthly leader under Christ wasn’t quite as bright and shiny as they had believed.

    You have two choices: a) find a human law that says my choice to attack Holding’s arguments and character are criminal, or b) show how any of my conduct involving complaints to Wallace against Holding, was unbiblical.

    If you cannot do either, then at the end of the day, your irritation at me for going this far to rebuke and refute Holding is nothing but a personal subjective thing. Thank you for your opinion, but I shall continue exercising my first amendment right until I notice Holding’s ministry declining in popularity. I am an atheist who cares about other human beings, therefore I do not just handwave Christians who might get caught up in biblical error, I also feel for them and do what I can to steer them clear of things that might degrade their character, confuse their mind, or desensitize them to the seriousness of abusing scholarship to support error.


  40. Jim MacGillivray

    The paragraph that addresses the miraculous process of healing the blind man overlooks John’s inclusion of the same miraculous incident in John 9 as one of the important signs included so people would come to believe. It is also referred to in John 11:37 at the scene of Lazarus’ death and resuscitation by contemporaries of the time that new of the miracle involving the blind man. It seems to me that John’s credentials might be considered a little better than the early church fathers’.


  41. Barry Jonesbarry

    You speak of ‘John’s’ credentials, when in fact whether any “John” wrote the 4th gospel is debated even among conservatives:

    “Everything we want to know about this book is uncertain, and everything about it that is apparently knowable is matter of dispute…In the end we have to admit that these are all guesses, some with less and some with more plausibility. As with the Beloved Disciple, so with the Evangelist: we do not know his name.”
    Beasley-Murray, G. R. (2002). Vol. 36: Word Biblical Commentary : John. Word Biblical Commentary (Page lxxiv). Dallas: Word, Incorporated.

    We come now to questions that have birthed great differences of opinion among scholars, especially in the last two hundred years…(John 21:24) As I have indicated in the Introduction within the section on authorship, this verse has been the subject of varying views…In turning to the issue of authorship per se, the various views differ in their use of internal and external evidence. If one places more weight on external evidence, the result will most likely be an affirmation of the traditional authorship of John. Those who at least question the traditional view generally place more weight on internal analysis. Having defined the issue in this manner, it is fascinating to see how the various studies on John have been conducted. Those that begin with external evidence involving the assertions of Irenaeus and Eusebius, including the citations from Papias and others, inevitably set the stage for the authorship of the Gospel in terms of John the son of Zebedee. Those who begin by an analysis of the Johannine texts concerning the beloved disciple, the knowledge of the Jerusalem area, and the lack of references in the Fourth Gospel to the events cited in the Synoptics where John was present almost inevitably set the stage for alternatives such as selecting another author, a redactional proposal, or a view of anonymity concerning the author of the Gospel. Presuppositions concerning the weight given to aspects of evidence have much to say about the conclusions that are reached with regard to that evidence. In this respect it is exceedingly interesting to note that two important advocates of the traditional view of Johannine authorship, R. Brown and R. Schnackenburg, have moved to the other position following their internal study of the Johannine writings.90”
    Borchert, G. L. (2001, c1996). Vol. 25A: John 1-11 (electronic ed.). Logos Library System; The New American Commentary (Page 82). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

    One thing appears certain, yet deals a fatal blow to apologetics: the desire of the author that the reader put faith in Christ on the basis of the written account (John 20:31), and his attempt to overcome skeptical objections by simply asserting that several others know his witness is true (John 21:24) testifies to the lack of critical thinking skills the author expected to exist among the unbelievers he was writing to. “we know that his testimony is true” doesn’t count for beans, any more than the survival of Mormonism despite the ability of the average person in the 1800’s to personally contact the alleged 3 and 8 witnesses to the Mormon “gold plates”. There were plenty of successful rebuttals to Mormonism in the 1800’s, yet this didn’t slow down its progress, did it? Yet John’s “author” or “authors” certainly thought such bare assertion of truthfulness should have carried weight with unbelievers.


  42. Karl

    Thoroughly enjoyable review. One might hope that you would “digress,” more often as you have a gift for it. I have gone from INERRANCY to Inerrancy to inerrancy, to nerrancy across my 40 years as an Evangelical. Shoot, I thought your review might be titled, “Slouching toward Rome!”

    Geisler’s argument from authority misrepresents the nature of God’s revelation through the scriptures. It sets scripture, and revelation up as a strawman for skeptics and believers alike. Strangely enough his method produces the very eisegesis he has inveighed against for the last 50 years.

    Luther penned, “The Jews and Their Lies,” towards the end of his career. Billy Graham, in his late seventies and early eighties occasionally softened his life-long message to one similar to the Disney movie, “All Dogs Go to Heaven.” One wonders if there shouldn’t be some sort of theological operators license exam that one takes every 4 years in order to publish or preach publicly after the age of 70. I’m a big fan of free speech, just not free “crazy” speech. Especially when someone is resting on their laurels rather than say, oh…, I don’t know, giving an inference to the best explanation of the Biblical data we have for one’s view. Novel approach I know.


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